North America is the third largest continent with an area of 24.7 million km², covering about 4.8% of Earth’s total surface. It is located in the Northern Hemisphere bordered by the Arctic Ocean in the North, by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, by South America and the Caribbean to the southeast, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west and south.

In terms of population, North America ranks as the fourth most populous continent after Asia, Africa, and Europe. As of 2021, it has a population of around 578 million people. Geographically, the UN defines this northern continent as made up of three regions: Northern America, Central America, and the Caribbean.

How Many Countries are There in North America?

There are 23 countries in North America:

  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Bahamas
  • Barbados
  • Belize
  • Canada
  • Costa Rica
  • Cuba
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • El Salvador
  • Grenada
  • Guatemala
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Jamaica
  • Mexico
  • Nicaragua
  • Panama
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • United States

The United States takes the lead as the largest country by population, while Canada is the largest by area at 9.9 million km². The smallest country, both in population and area, is Saint Kitts and Nevis.

Greenland is also counted as a part of North America because of its geographical location. However, being part of Denmark it is not a sovereign country.

CountryCapitalAreaPopulation (2021)
United States of AmericaWashington9,629,091 km2327 million people
MexicoMexico City1,964,375 km2126 million people
CanadaOttawa9,984,670 km237 million people
GuatemalaGuatemala City108,889 km217 million people
CubaHavana109,886 km211 million people
HaitiPort au Prince27,750 km211 million people
Dominican RepublicSanto Domingo48,671 km210 million people
HondurasTegucigalpa112,492 km29 million people
NicaraguaManagua130,373 km26 million people
El SalvadorSan Salvador21,041 km26 million people
Costa RicaSan José51,100 km24 million people
PanamaPanama City75,417 km24 million people
JamaicaKingston10,991 km22 million people
Trinidad and TobagoPort of Spain5,130 km21 million people
BelizeBelmopan22,966 km2383,056 people
BahamasNassau13,943 km2385,629 people
BarbadosBridgetown430 km2286,640 people
Saint LuciaCastries539 km2181,887 people
GrenadaSt. George’s344 km2111,453 people
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesKingstown389 km2110,210 people
Antigua and BarbudaSt. John’s442 km296, 284 people
DominicaRoseau751 km271,625 people
Saint Kitts and NevisBasseterre261 km252, 440 people

Map of Countries in North America

Is the Caribbean a Part of North America?

Yes, the Caribbean is a part of North America. The Caribbean, also known as West Indies, includes a number of islands and archipelagos (more than 700 islands), stretched across the Caribbean sea.

Languages Spoken in North America

The top ten most popular languages in North America include the following:

LanguageRegionNumber of Speakers
EnglishUnited States
Canada
Mexico
Central America (some speakers)
Caribbean (some islands)
334 million
SpanishMexico
United States
Cuba
Dominican Republic
Central America
Caribbean
125 million
FrenchCanada
Haiti
18 million
ChineseUnited States
Canada
Mexico
2-3 million
NahuatlMexico2 million
TagalogUnited States
Canada
2 million
VietnameseUnited States
Canada
1.4 million
GermanUnited States
Canada
1.3 million
KoreanUnited States
Canada
1.2 million
ItalianUnited States
Canada
1 million

Please note that North America is diverse in its population and language, therefore there is a huge number of languages spoken, especially indigenous languages- this table only depicts those that are spoken by the majority.

What Are the Most Visited Countries in North America?

These are the top five most visited countries in North America:

  • United States
  • Mexico
  • Canada
  • Dominican Republic
  • Cuba

The Most Popular Tourist Attractions in North America

Tourist attractions in North America depend on which country you’re visiting. However, some of the most popular destinations include:

  • New York City.
  • Antelope Canyon in Arizona.
  • Niagara Falls in Ontario.
  • Angel Falls in Venezuela.
  • Guadalajara in Mexico.
  • The Mayan city of Copan in Honduras.
  • Tikal in Guatemala.
  • Haiku Stairs of Oahu in Hawaii

Getting a Visa To Visit North America

To visit North American countries and tourist attractions in those countries, you may need a tourist visa or an eVisa. There isn’t a one-visa-for-all, each country regulates their specific visa requirements.

Sometimes, you may be allowed to enter some countries in North America visa-free, but this will depend on your country of citizenship.