The US President Joe Biden has introduced new legislation to reform immigration, which intends to increase the number of international specialists in the United States.
In addition, the President’s new legislation would help international specialists eventually gain US citizenship, and would enable to about 12 million undocumented immigrants who live in the United States to do the same, VisaGuide.World reports.
Through the Citizenship Act of 2021, undocumented immigrants could be permitted to file an application for their temporary legal status and green cards after five years if they passed background checks and paid their taxes.
The number of diversity visas issued could also increase through the act, from 55,000 to 80,000 and remove the three- and ten-year bans that impede persons from re-entering the US territory, if they had left the country for being there illegally.
The act would also replace the use of the word “alien” with the name “non-citizen”.
The diversity visa program intends to diversify the immigrant population in the United States by choosing applicants from countries with a low number of immigrants during the past five years. Nearly 12 million persons applied for the green card lottery in 2019.
About 75 per cent of full-time graduate students in the United States’ universities, in key technology zones, are international students.
The previously proposed rule that required selection of H-1B workers taking into account the highest salary should be frozen until March 21, upon President Biden’s proposal.
The US President also urged to withdraw the rule redefining employer-employee relationship, which was previously proposed by former President Trump.
Trump’s administration changed H-1B visa norms by amending the regulations to prioritise higher wages and skills for choosing candidates.
The US Chamber of Commerce and other business groups together with the US HR body, the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) have supported Biden’s current plan.
“As workplaces evolve, securing the country’s global talent pipeline so workers educated and trained in the US can contribute their talents to the US economy is more important than ever,” SHRM’s chief of staff, Emily M Dickens pointed out in this regard.
The Person in Specialty Occupation Visa permits all international engaged in fields like IT specialists, professors, architects, doctors to work temporarily in the United States.