Residence permits are official documents issued to foreigners who want to live in Slovakia for long periods of time for various reasons such as work, studies, or family reunification. There are several residence permits, but they are generally categorized into temporary and permanent, varying on each situation.
Types of Residence Permits for Slovakia
Slovakia issues three types of residence permits:
- Tolerated residence permit.
- Temporary residence permit.
- Permanent residence permit.
Slovakia Tolerated Residence Permit
A tolerated residence may be granted to foreign nationals for a maximum of 180 days and can be repeatedly extended. Individuals who are granted a tolerated residence permit are not allowed to do business or work in Slovakia. A tolerated residence permit won’t grant you access to accommodation or public health insurance, but you can obtain commercial health insurance.
How to Get a Tolerated Residence for Slovakia?
A tolerated residence can be granted if:
- The foreigner is a minor child found in the territory of Slovakia.
- The foreigner is a victim of human trafficking and is at least 18 years old.
- It is required due to respect for their personal and family life, and they are not a threat to the state’s safety or public order.
- The foreigner was illegally employed under particularly exploitative working conditions or to an illegally employed minor person.
- It results from international commitments of the SR.
The application must be submitted along with its written justification and documents that prove the reasons for granting tolerated residence. Please note that you will be required to pay an administrative fee of €100 for this type of permit.
Slovakia Temporary Residence Permit
A temporary residence allows you to stay legally in Slovakia and travel abroad and back during the period your residence was granted. Third-country nationals who plan to work, study, or do business in Slovakia may be granted a temporary residence permit if they meet the legal conditions and requirements.
How to Get a Temporary Residence Permit for Slovakia?
A temporary residence permit can be granted for:
- Business purposes.
- Employment or seasonal employment.
- Study purposes.
- Special activities (lecturing, sport, artistic and voluntary activities, activity of an accredited journalist, medical treatment, internship, etc.).
- Research and development.
- Family reunion.
- Performing professional duties by civilian units of the armed forces.
- People with an acknowledged status of a Slovak Living Abroad.
- People with acknowledged long-term residence in another Union Member State.
Where Do I Apply for a Temporary Residence Permit?
You need to submit your application for a temporary residence permit at the embassy or visa office abroad in your home country, along with the application for your national D visa. Once the embassy grants your application after you enter the country, you need to register at the Foreign Police Department and retrieve your residence card.
The application for a temporary residence can be submitted at the competent Foreign Police Department in Slovakia if:
- You are residing in Slovakia based on a valid residence permit.
- You are residing in Slovakia on the basis of a valid national visa.
- You do not need a visa to enter Slovakia.
- You are the holder of a Slovak Living Abroad certificate.
- You are the holder of tolerated residence.
Document Checklist for Slovakian Temporary Residence Permit Application
You must submit the following documents when applying for a Slovakian permanent residence permit:
- Application form. Submit a fully completed application form issued by the Ministry of Interior of the Slovak Republic.
- Two passport-sized photos. Enclose two identical colored photographs with passport format 3 x 3.5 cm.
- Proof of paid administrative service. A different fee is required for different purposes.
- The purpose of residence. The documents proving the purpose of residence can be:
- A work permit issued by the Labour Office.
- A business plan.
- A document confirming you are authorized to conduct a business.
- An admission letter from the University.
- Confirmation of teaching activity from a school or an educational facility.
- Confirmation from an art, educational, or sports organization.
- Confirmation of internship.
- Certificate of a Slovak living abroad.
- Marriage certificate.
- Birth certificate of a child.
- Proof of clean criminal record. Submit a certificate of criminal record issued from your home country.
- Confirmation of accommodation. You need to submit documents that prove you have found accommodation for at least the first six months you are in Slovakia— you can submit similar documents as listed below
- An affidavit of real estate ownership.
- A lease with the owner or user of the property.
- Proof you are eligible to use the property in case of a lease agreement with the property user.
- Confirmation of the accommodation facility, a hotel, or a boarding house.
- An affidavit of a physical person or a legal entity of provision of accommodation to the foreign national on the territory of Slovakia.
- Proof of eligibility to use the property in case of an affidavit of the property user.
- Proof of financial coverage. Financial coverage can be proven by:
- Submitting a bank account statement in your name from a bank in Slovakia
- A bank in the country of origin
- A confirmation from the employer on the agreed amount of monthly salary.
Note: All the submitted documents must not be older than 90 days. Documents issued abroad must be authenticated (apostilled or legalized) and translated to the Slovak language by an official translator certified by the Ministry of Justice of the Slovak Republic.
How Long Does It Take to Process?
The embassy or the Foreign Police Department will issue a decision within 30 to 90 days of receiving your application. However, applications for residence permits can sometimes take longer to finish, especially if there is an influx of applicants.
Slovakia Permanent Residence Permit
A permanent residence is a permit granted to foreign nationals for an indefinite time living in the Republic of Slovakia. If you are granted a permanent residence permit, you will enjoy the same rights and duties as all citizens of Slovakia, including employment, healthcare, social affairs, etc.
How to Get Permanent Residence in Slovakia?
You can get a permanent residence in Slovakia if you meet the eligibility criteria for one of the following permit types:
- Permanent residence for five years;
- Permanent residence for an unlimited time period;
- Long-term residence.
Permanent residence for five years
A permanent residence permit for five years can be granted to:
- A foreigner who is a spouse of a Slovak citizen with a permanent residence in Slovakia or who is a direct dependent relative of a Slovak citizen with a permanent residence in Slovakia.
- A foreigner who is a single child under 18 and has been placed under the custody of a foreign national who is a spouse of a Slovak citizen with a permanent residence in Slovakia.
- A foreigner who is a single child under the age of 18 of a foreigner who is granted a permanent residence permit for five years.
- Children under the age of 28 who have been placed under the custody of a foreign national with a permanent residence permit for five years.
- A foreigner who is a dependent child over the age of 18 and is not able to take care of himself due to bad health conditions of a foreign national with a permanent residence permit.
You must submit the application for permanent residence for five years in person at a Slovak embassy/consulate-general abroad. You will be interviewed for the purpose of a preliminary assessment of the application.
Permanent residence for an unlimited time period
A permanent residence for an unlimited time period can be granted to:
- Foreign nationals who have held a permanent residence for five years for a period of four years.
- Foreign national who is a child under the age of 18 of a foreigner with a permanent residence for an unlimited time.
Note: The application for permanent residence for an unlimited time period must be submitted in the territory of Slovakia.
A long-term residence can be granted to any of the following categories:
- Foreign nationals who have resided legally in Slovakia for an uninterrupted period of at least five years before submitting the application.
- Foreign nationals whose long-term residence expired or was canceled due to legally stipulated reasons.
- Foreign nationals who have had five years of uninterrupted residency in the territory of an EU Member State as Blue Cars holders and have resided in Slovakia for at least two years before submitting the application.
Document Checklist for Slovakian Permanent Residence Application
You need to submit the following documents for a permanent residence permit:
- Filled out application form. You can find the application form on the Border and Foreign Police webpage and submit it together with the other documents.
- Passport. Your passport must be valid during the time you submit your application.
- Two photographs. Two identical photos in color, using the passport format 3 x 3.5 cm.
- Documentation of purpose of residence. Depending on your situation, you can use documents to prove your residence purpose, such as
- Certificate of marriage,
- Birth certificate,
- Business plan,
- Work permit, etc.
- Proof of clear criminal record. This certificate is not required for people under the age of 14.
- Financial status. Financial status can be proven by a notarially certified declaration by your employer or the person accompanying you.
- Letter of consent. This is parental consent required in case children under 18 are also included in the application.
- Document of accommodation. Documents proving your accommodation must be issued for a minimum period of six months.
Documents should not be older than 90 days. Documents issued abroad must be authenticated and translated to the Slovak language by a certified translation.
How Long Does It Take to Process?
The processing time for a permanent residence application in Slovakia is 90 days. The processing time may be extended if something is missing from your application.
How Long After Permanent Residency Can I Apply for Slovak Citizenship?
You can apply for Slovakian citizenship if you have an uninterrupted permanent residence in the territory of the Slovak Republic for at least eight years. However, there are other conditions and requirements one has to meet in order to be eligible to apply for Slovak citizenship.
How Much Does a Slovakia Residence Permit Cost?
The price of a residence permit in Slovakia depends on the reason why you received your permit, as shown below:
- Residence permit for business: €240
- Residence for employment: €170
- Residence permit for family reunion: €135
- Residence permit after obtaining a Blue Card: €170