The Slovakia D visa is mandatory if you wish to study, live or work in Slovakia for more than 90 days. The D visa, also known as a national visa, is issued to foreign individuals with a validity of 365 days (one year). This type of visa allows its holder to travel and stay in other countries within the Schengen area for periods of 90 days (three months).
What Is a Slovakia D Visa?
A Slovakia D visa entitles its holder to reside in the Slovak Republic for the duration of one year (365 days). With a type D visa, you can reside in other member states for a period of 90 days. If you are granted a Slovakia D visa, you will also be granted a residence permit by the immigration authorities in Slovakia.
Who Needs a Long-Stay D Visa for Slovakia?
Everyone who wants to stay in Slovakia for more than three months must apply for a long-stay visa. The type of long-stay visa you apply for depends on the purpose of your travel to the country. EU/EEA/Schengen citizens are exempt from this requirement and can visit, work, study, or live in Slovakia without any restrictions.
Slovakia Long-Stay Visa Eligibility Requirements
For a long-stay visa, third-country nationals must meet these requirements:
- The long-stay visa is necessary for granting a residence permit for either study, work, or family reunification purposes in the Slovak Republic.
- The applicant is older than 15 and is admitted to a language training program for at least 25 hours a week.
- The applicant meets the obligations of the Slovak Republic arising from international agreements (maximum of one year).
- The applicant is a family member of a foreigner who was granted asylum or subsidiary protection in Slovakia.
How Is a Slovakia D Visa Different From a Schengen Visa?
Some applicants might confuse a short-stay Schengen visa with a long-stay visa due to their similarities, so here is a comparison between the two types of visas to help you get a better understanding of them:
|Long-stay D visa||Schengen visa|
|Valid for a maximum of 1 year (365 days)||Valid for 90 days within a 180 day period|
|Long-stay D visa is valid for long-term purposes such as work, study, or joining a family member in Slovakia.||A Schengen visa for Slovakia is valis for short-term purposes such as tourism.|
|Residence permit (mandatory)||Temporary residence permit (not mandatory)|
Types of Slovakian Long-Stay Visas
The most commonly-issued long stay visas for Slovakia are:
- Long stay visa for work. Foreign nationals who wish to work in Slovakia will need a work visa and a residence permit. Before applying for a work visa, the employer must report the job opening to the Slovakian Labour Office. You can begin the application process at the Slovak Embassy or consulate, but usually, employers initiate the application on behalf of the employee.
- Long stay visa for studies. You need to apply for a long-stay D visa for study purposes if:
- You can study visa-free in Slovakia for 90 days, but you want to continue your study program for longer.
- You are a third-country national who needs a visa to enter Slovakia.
- Long stay visa for family reunification. People who want to join their family in Slovakia need a family visa. You can apply for family reunification and a residence permit if you want to take your spouse or children with you to Slovakia.
How to Apply for a Slovakia D Visa?
Here is how to apply for a Slovakia D visa:
- Book an appointment. Embassies require an appointment before showing up for your application. Contact the Slovak Embassy to book an appointment.
- Fill in the application form. Fill in the application form at the embassy with all the required information. You can find the visa application form online and print it for submission.
- Submit the required documents. Read the document checklist and ensure you have every document required from the embassy.
- Attend the interview. Make sure you attend the visa interview on time.
- Wait for a response. After you submit your application for a long-stay visa in Slovakia, it will take several weeks to receive an answer to your application.
Where to Apply for a Slovak Long-Stay Visa?
Applications for a Slovakia type D visa can be filed at:
- The embassy of the Slovak Republic.
- The Bureau of Border and Foreign Police of the Presidium of the Police Force if the individual stays lawfully in the Slovak Republic’s territory and only in the case of interest of the Slovak Republic.
Slovakia D Visa Processing Times
The embassy will decide on your D (long-stay) visa application within 30 days of submission. However, keep in mind that delays can happen for several reasons, and your application may take longer to finish processing.
Slovakia D Visa Requirements
When applying for a Denmark visa, you must submit:
- Long Stay Visa Application form. Fully completed and signed application form.
- Passport. A valid passport not older than ten years, with a validity of six months.
- Passport-size photo. A colored photo in 3 x 3.5 cm format, following the photo requirements for Schengen.
- Document confirming the purpose of the stay. Based on your visa type, a proof document can be:
- An employment contract.
- A letter of acceptance from a University.
- Certificate of marriage, etc.
- Health insurance. Proof you have health insurance your expenses in case of a medical emergency during your stay in Slovakia.
Reminder: The Embassy or the Bureau of Border and Foreign Police of the Presidium of the Police Force may require additional documents if the documents you submitted with your application are insufficient for granting a national visa.
Slovakia Visa D Fees
The application process for a Slovakia type D visa requires you to make administrative payments when submitting the application— depending on the type of long-stay visa (national visa) you are applying for, you will be required to pay different fees as listed below:
|60 EUR||National visa necessary for a residence permit.|
|35 EUR||National visa granted in order to comply with obligations arising from international agreements of Slovakia or if it is in the interest of the Slovak Republic.|
|10 EUR||National visa granted in relation to an already granted residence permit.|
Going From Long-Stay Visa to a Residence Permit in Slovakia.
If the embassy grants you a Slovakia D visa, you are also granted a residence permit valid for up to five years— depending on the reason why you are moving to Slovakia. As, a result you can receive one three types of residence permits (temporary, permanent, tolerated) that Slovakia issues.
So, for example, if you applied for a long-stay D visa for family purporses, you also receive a temporary permit isssued for family reunification. The temporary permit in this case usually has a validity period between one to five years. After residing in Slovakia for five years, you can continue to apply for Slovakian citizenship.
What If My Visa Application Is Rejected?
If the Slovak embassy rejects your visa application, you can appeal the decision. The appeal letter should provide information about the fee payment, personal ID, and a copy of your decision. You need to state the reason why you believe the visa board made a mistake and why they should approve your visa.