Any non-EU/EEA foreign national who wants to live in Ireland for longer than 90 days, has to ask for immigration permission as well as register for residency.
The Ireland Residence Permit (IRP) is a certificate of registration, which proves you are allowed to legally stay in Ireland for more than 90 days. If your stay in Ireland is for up to 90 days, you do not need to register for residence.
Note: Previously, if a foreign national wanted to stay in Ireland long-term, they were issued what was called a GNIB Card. The GNIB Card has now been replaced by the Irish Residence Permit (IRP) card.
Who needs an Irish Residence Permit (IRP)?
You will have to register for residency and get an Irish residence permit if:
- You are a foreign national who is not from a member state of the EU, EEA, or from Switzerland.
- You intend to stay in Ireland for longer than 90 days; and
- You are over the age of 16.
- If you are younger than 16, you don’t have to register upon arrival. You must register as soon as you turn 16, however.
What is the function of the Irish Residence Permit?
The Ireland Residence Permit allows you to stay in Ireland legally for longer than 90 days.
You will receive an IRP card, which is in the form of a credit-card sized plastic card.
The Irish Residence Permit card holds your personal information, including your name, photo, date of birth and registration number. It also states the date in which it was issued and until when it is valid.
Additionally, the IRP card also states your immigartion permission – for example, if you are allowed to work, and what type of Ireland registration stamp you have.
It does not grant you the same rights as an Irish citizen, however, in regards to travelling to other EU countries. All immigration rules you had while living in your home country still apply.
Ireland Residence Permit Documents
When you show up at the registration office, you must have your passport, proof of medical insurance, and proof you have sufficient funds to provide for yourself.
Then, depending on your purpose of travel, you should bring any documents related to it, for example, your original Employment Permit, your original Working Holiday Authorization, etc.
Additionally, in cases such as for family reunification, where INIS has sent you a letter with registration instructions, you have to bring all the documents listed as well as the letter itself.
If you are an Ireland Student Visa holder, you must have the following documents for registration:
- The original Letter of Acceptance from your school.
- Proof you have paid the school fees.
- Proof of scholarship funding, if applicable.
- Proof of private medical insurance.
- Proof of sufficient financial means (€3,000 if you’re staying longer than six months; €500 per month, if you are staying less than six months.)
Please keep in mind that this is not an exhaustive list of documents for Irish residence permit registration. Always follow the instructions on your letter. Contact INIS if you are unsure of what to bring.
How to get an Ireland Residence Permit?
To get an Irish Residence Permit, you must be allowed to be in Ireland in the first place.
Before you travel to Ireland
If you are a non-EU/EEA/Swiss national who is subject to Irish visas, before you travel to Ireland, you must apply for an Ireland long stay (D) visa. Additionally, if you’re coming to work, study, or join a family member, there are other requirements you must fulfill.
See the requirements for specific Ireland visas below:
- Ireland Work Visa requirements
- Ireland Student Visa requirements
- Ireland Family Reunification Visa requirements
- Ireland Working Holiday Visa requirements
If you do not need a visa for Ireland, in many cases, you will have to ask for immigration permission at the same time as when you apply for your Irish residence permit.
After arriving in Ireland
Once you receive your Ireland visa, you can travel to Ireland where you’ll be required to pass through Border Control and request for permission to stay. If the immigration officers at Border Control allow you to enter, they will put a stamp on your passport which shows how long you can stay in Ireland for.
Every non-EU/EEA national is only allowed a maximum stay of 90 days if they have not received an Irish residence permit. So, before the days stated on your passport stamp are up, you must make an Ireland Residence Permit appointment.
The Ireland visa is simply a pre-entry requirement. Both visas only allow the holder to stay in Ireland for a maximum of 90 days. However, in order to be able to apply for an Ireland residence permit, you must have an Irish long stay (D) visa. You cannot apply for residency with a short stay (C) visa.
Where to submit the Irish Residence Permit application?
Where you submit your application for an Irish residence permit depends on your place of residence. As such:
- If you live in Ireland, you must make an online appointment and show up in person to register at the Burgh Quay Registration Office.
- If you live outside Ireland, you must contact your nearest Garda station (registration office) for an appointment and show up in person.
The Irish Residence Permit registration process
When you show up at your registration appointment, an immigration officer will review your documents and your immigration permission (eg. to work). They will then record your details and give you a stamp on your passport.
The registration Stamp you receive states what activities you’re allowed to do while in Ireland, such as work, study, etc.
On the day of your registration appointment, you have to pay a registration fee. The Irish residence permit fee is €300 per person.
Registering in Dublin
If you are registering at the Burgh Quay Registration Office in Dublin, the immigration officer in charge of handing your registration will mail you your Irish Residence Permit card.
You should receive your IRP within 5-10 working days.
Registering outside Dublin
If you registered outside Dublin, the immigration officer will inform you when you can go back to the registration office to receive your IRP card. You will not receive it by mail.
Ireland Residence Permit renewal
If your Irish residence permit is renewable, then you can make an appointment to renew it a maximum of seven weeks in advance. You cannot book your appointment for earlier than two weeks before your permit expires.
You have to renew your Ireland residence permit at the same place where you first received it, depending on where you’re living, in Dublin or outside Dublin.
Can I travel to UK with Ireland residence permit?
No, an Irish Residence Permit does not allow the holder to travel to the UK or any other European country to which an Irish citizen can. The entry requirements for other countries still depend on your passport, so make sure to check the requirements of the country you want to travel to.
Ireland Permanent Residence Permit
After you have lived in Ireland with an IRP for five years (60 months), you may be eligible to submit an application for long-term residency, ie. an Irish Permanent Residence Permit.
However, some categories of residence permissions are ineligible for permanent residency in Ireland, such as international students.
How Can I Become a Citizen of Ireland?
Foreign nationals who have spent enough time of “reckonable residence” in Ireland may be eligible to apply for Irish citizenship by naturalization.