A Germany EU Blue Card is a German residence permit title for third country nationals wishing to work in Germany. It enables qualified third-country citizens to immigrate to Germany permanently.
The Blue Card scheme helps the German labor market attract well-trained workers and reduce skilled workers’ shortage.
If you wish to work in Germany, the EU Blue Card may be the way for you. In this article, you will learn everything you need to know about the German EU Blue Card.
Who Needs a Germany EU Blue Card?
Everybody qualifying for a German EU Blue Card can apply for it. Yet, the nationals of several countries do not need a Blue Card to work in Germany. They can either just move to Germany and work, or move to Germany and get a work permit without the need of getting this card.
Germany EU Blue Card Eligibility Criteria
There are some strict criteria about who can get a German EU Blue Card. Despite that the German authorities take the final decision, you should still check if you are eligible before submitting an application.
When applying for a Germany Blue Card you must meet the following criteria:
- University Degree. For a German EU Blue Card a university degree is compulsory. Depending on the type of job you may also be required a Master’s degree.
- Work experience. You should have at least five years of experience in your field.
- Employment contract or job offer. You should present either a work contract or a binding job offer for at least one year.
- Salary threshold. You should meet the salary threshold of an annual gross salary of at least €53,000. There is a lower threshold of at least €41,808 for mathematicians, engineers, natural scientists, technicians and for physicians.
Application Process for a Germany EU Blue Card
The application process for a German Blue Card depends on your current residence country. If you are outside Germany, you should follow the steps listed below:
- Apply for a German Employment Visa. You should complete the application process for such a visa in your country of residence. Submit your application to the competent German mission for a visa for the purpose of employment before you enter Germany.
- Register your address in Germany. Upon arrival in Germany, you have two weeks to register your address at the German registration office closest to your home in Germany,
- Apply for an EU Blue Card in Germany. After you arrive in Germany, you should apply at the immigration authorities near your registered address in Germany, for an EU Blue Card.
On the other hand, if you are already in Germany under another residence title, you should only complete the second step.
Note that you cannot apply for a German EU Blue Card if you are in Germany under a tourist visa, or another visa type as i.e. medical visa.
If you already hold an EU Blue Card issued by another EU country, you can apply for a German Blue Card only after at least 18 months after you have obtained the previous blue card.
In every case, you must meet the criteria set for a German EU Blue Card.
Germany EU Blue Card Requirements
When applying for an EU Blue Card in Germany, you will need to submit several documents. These documents should prove that you are eligible for obtaining a German EU Blue Card.
The required documents for an EU Blue Card in Germany are as following:
- Germany EU Blue Card Application Form. The application form must be fully completed. Make sure the information you give in this form is correct and complies with the information in the rest of the documents.
- Your Passport. Please check your passport before applying. It should be valid for at least 15 more months beyond your planned date to leave Germany.
- Proof of legal presence in Germany. If you entered the country through a German employment visa, you should present it. If you hold another residence title, or a Blue Card issued by another country, then you should present it.
- Two recent photos. These two photos must be identical and taken according to the ICAO standards. The photos must be in color, with white plain background and no older than three months.
- Work contract with a German company. You should present a work contract with a German company signed by all parties involved. The contract must state the offered wage.
- Proof of professional level. Present proof that you meet the qualification requirements. This could include your university diplomas, proof of previous work experience, etc.
- CV. An updated Curriculum Vitae, that includes your qualifications, and work experience.
There are additional requirements, which may vary on your case, or the immigration authorities in Germany. Make sure to submit all of these documents. They are crucial for a positive outcome of your application.
Germany EU Blue Card Fee
The application costs for a Germany Blue Card is €140. When applying to renew your EU Blue Card in Germany, you will need to pay only €100.
Germany EU Blue Card Application Processing
The processing of a German EU Blue Card takes up to three months.
Germany EU Blue Card Validity
An EU Blue Card for Germany is issued for three months longer than the duration of the employment contract. However, an EU Blue Card issued by German authorities can be valid for a maximum of 4 years.
If your job contract is valid for more than only four years, you can apply for the renewal of your EU blue card. You can apply for a permanent settlement permit after 33 months of work in Germany.
When Can My Germany EU Blue Card be Denied?
Your application for a Germany EU Blue Card may be rejected for several reasons. The main Blue Card rejection reasons are as listed below:
- You have not met the eligibility criteria.
- Your home country lacks qualified workers in your sector.
- You have provided the immigration authorities with incorrect or false information.
- Your employer in Germany has been found guilty for employment of irregular migrants without documents.
- You are considered a threat to public policy, public security or public health of the EU.
- A national or EU worker, or an already present non-EU citizen could fill the vacancy.
Applying for a Settlement Permit With an EU Blue Card in Germany
If you have worked in Germany for more than 33 months in Germany with an EU Blue Card, then you can apply for an unlimited settlement permit. You should still meet the following requirements:
- Prove you have made obligatory contributions in this period or show other proof of expenditure to obtain an entitlement to insurance benefits which are comparable to those from statutory pensions insurance.
- Meet the other prerequisites for issuing a settlement permit.
Note that you will be able to get a settlement permit quicker if you show proof you have an adequate knowledge of German language (level B1).
What If I Lose My Job?
If for whatever reason you lose your job with which you obtained your German Blue Card, you must notify the competent immigration authority as soon as possible.
These authorities will give you a limited amount of time within which you can get another job in your field in Germany. In some cases, your card may be revoked and the immigration authorities will ask you to leave.