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Reasons for Germany visa denial, appealing against the decision, and steps you need to take.

Is there anything worse than to hear back about your visa application, and seeing “Your Germany Visa application was rejected”?

Applying for a German visa can be a long and tiring process. You collect countless documents, you make trip after trip to the Embassy, and then once you submit your application, there’s the long and anxious wait to hear about the outcome of your visa application. Naturally, it is discouraging to get the response, and it is negative.

But why was your Germany visa denied? This article will list some of the most common reasons.

Common Reasons for Germany Visa Denial

Your Germany Schengen visa application goes through rigorous scrutiny. The visa officers at the German embassy or consulate check all your documents carefully, consider your interview, and then make a decision. So, the reasons for denial depend on just how good your application was.

Naturally, there can be different reasons why they didn’t think your application was good enough, but the most common reasons are:

You Did Not Prove the Purpose of Your Trip Sufficiently

What this means is that you did not manage to convince the visa officers about the reasons you say you want to visit Germany. For example:

  • You did not submit all the required documents.
  • The documents you submitted did not support your purpose of travel
  • If you wanted to visit family members: The documents you submitted did not prove the family ties
  • You did not submit the correct airplane ticket and hotel reservation or you cancelled them in the meantime
  • You did not submit a valid work contract
  • The time you intend to stay in Germany is not consistent with the leave from work/school
  • Etc.

You Submitted False Documents

If you submitted any documents which were forged or false, then your Germany visa application was immediately denied. There is nothing you can do about it, except learn from your mistakes and try again.

If you did not submit any false documents, yet the visa officers claim you did, you can make an appeal.

You Did Not Have Enough Money

If you apply for a Germany Schengen visa, you are expected to submit proof that you have the necessary funds to cover your stay as well as your return. If you could not prove you have enough financial resources, the German visa officers will reject your visa application.

For example, if you are a student, you should be able to prove that you have at least €853 per month for the entire duration of your stay. You can do this by opening a Blocked Bank Account through a company like Fintiba.

You Did Not Have Travel Health Insurance

One of the most important parts of submitting a Germany Schengen visa application is obtaining adequate travel health insurance. You must get travel health insurance with a minimum coverage of at least €30,000 per person for the entire duration of your stay as well as the transit. It must cover all other Schengen Area countries and any unexpected medical expenses and repatriation.

Your Germany visa will be rejected if you do not have travel health insurance.

You Did Not Submit an Adequate Letter of Invitation or Cover Letter

If you are going to visit someone in Germany, they have to write you a Letter of Invitation, inviting you to stay with them and admitting responsibility for you. The letter has to include important information about the host and you (the guest).

You also have to write a Cover Letter, explaining the reason why you are travelling, what you will do once you are in Germany – basically introducing yourself. If there are any missing documents, you can use the Cover Letter to explain why.

If these are not adequately or poorly written, they can affect the outcome of your visa application.

You Have Already Spent 90 Days in the Schengen Area in the Last Six Months

If you receive a Schengen visa, you cannot stay in the Schengen Area for more than 90 days in a 180-day period. So, if you have already spent 90 days in any Schengen country in the last 180 days, then you cannot receive another visa.

There’s an Alert out for You in the Schengen Information System

The Schengen Information System (SIS) is an information-sharing system for in Europe for security and border management. It allows the police authorities or immigration officers at border crosspoints in the Schengen area to circulate alerts about wanted or missing people as well as objects.

If you have an alert on SIS, you cannot receive a Schengen visa.

Similarly, your Germany visa will be rejected if any member states of the Schengen Area consider you as a “threat to public policy, internal security, public health”.

You Did Not Convince Them You Will Leave the Schengen Area After Your Visa Expires

When you apply for a Germany visa, you have to submit several documents which prove that after your visa expires, you are going to leave the Schengen Area and return home. If the embassy or consular staff think you may overstay your visa, they will refuse to grant it to you. They can judge whether you are likely to leave Germany after the visa expires by looking at the following factors:

  • Your work contract
  • Your family ties and obligations
  • Your economic condition
  • Any changes in your personal situation prior to applying for the visa
  • Whether you have overstayed any Schengen visas in the past

Your Passport Is Invalid

When you apply for a Schengen visa, your passport has to be valid for at least another six months, starting from the time you intend to enter the Schengen Area. the passport must also have at least two blank pages where they can affix your visa.

If your passport does not meet these conditions, your visa will be rejected.

Additionally, if your passport is damaged, torn, or missing pages, your Germany visa will be rejected.

Please note:

There can be several causes of why your Germany visa is denied. The ones mentioned are merely the most common reasons that German embassies or consulates give regarding the refusal to grant a visa. This is not an exhaustive list!

What Can You Do If Your Germany Visa Is Denied?

Well, if you think that the reason for rejection is valid (ie. it was your own mistake), all you can do is re-apply and hope for the best.

However, if you don’t think that the reasons that the German embassy or consulate provided are valid, then you can try to appeal the decision by writing a Letter of Appeal for Visa Rejection.

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