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List of long stay visas for Estonia, their differences, and requirments

If you want to work, study or reunite with your family members in Estonia, you must apply for an Estonian Type D visa. This visa allows you to stay in Estonia for one year. To stay longer than one year, you must also apply for a residence permit at the Police and Border Guard Board (PBGB) after you enter Estonia. 

Who Needs a Long-Stay D Visa for Estonia?

Citizens coming from a country not a part of the EU/EEA/Switzerland need a long-stay visa if they plan to stay in Estonia for longer than 90 days. A long-stay visa is issued for work, study, or family reunion purposes. 

How Is an Estonia D Visa Different From a Schengen Visa?

There are a few differences between an Estonia D visa and an Estonia short stay visa, such as:

Estonia Schengen VisaD Visa
The Schengen visa is issued for 90 days.The long-stay visa is issued for 365 days.
This visa is issued more for tourism, visits, business meetings, etc. This visa is issued for work, study, or family reunification.
Certain nationalities are exempt from a Schengen visa (e.g., US, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, etc.).Everyone from a country not a part of the EU/EEA/Switzerland needs a D-Visa.
With a Schengen Visa, you can not apply for a residence permit for work, studies, etc. You must leave Estonia before the visa expires.You can move to Estonia with a D-Visa and apply for a residence permit for study, work, etc., allowing you to live in Estonia indefinitely.

Types of Estonia Long-Stay Visas

Here are the types of Estonian long-stay visas you can apply for:

  • Estonia work visaA work visa is required for all non-EU/EEA/Swiss nationals who want to seak employment or are already employed by an Estonia employer. Before you can travel to Estonia for work, your employer must apply for authorisation to hire you.I
  • Estonia student visa. Students who want to continue their studies in higher educational institutions in Estonia need to apply for a student visa. This type of visa is valid for the duration of your studies.
  • Estonia family reunification visa. Everyone who wants to join their family members in Estonia must apply for an Estonia Visa. This visa is issued for one year, and it can be extended.
  • Estonia investment visa. An Estonian investment visa allows you to have better excess to EU clients. It allows you to have the ability to expand your business in a bigger manner.
  • Estonia digital nomad visa. If you want to work remotely while living in Estonia, you must apply for a digital nomad visa. However, you can not work with Estonian clients otherwise, you must apply for a work permit.

Also read: Estonian residence permit for retired expats

Estonia Long Stay Visa Requirements 

Here are all the requested documents for an Estonian D visa: 

  • Valid passport. The passport must be valid at least three months after the return date. With two blank pages, issued within the previous ten years, and in good condition. 
  • Estonian application form. Make sure you complete the application form online sincerely and with your updated personal information. After filling out the application form, print a hard copy and sign it at the end.  
  • Fee payment. You must pay a fee for your visa application form. The payment can be made at the consulate or embassy when submitting the documents. 
  • Two passport-sized photos. Photos must be taken within the last six months, in colors and on a blank background. 
  • Health insurance.  A document proving that you have health insurance within the whole Schengen area. It must have coverage of €30,000 in case you have any medical problems while staying in Estonia. If you plan to stay in Estonia long-term, you must register for national or private health insurance after arrival.
  • Cover letter. The cover letter is like an introduction to the embassy. They can know you and the purpose of your visit more based on the cover letter you submit. In your cover letter, you must explain the purpose of your stay in Estonia, flying date and time, returning date and time, etc. 
  • Biometric data (fingerprints). You must submit the fingerprints at the embassy or consulate when you submit all the other requested documents. 
  • Additional documents depending on the visa type, such as a work contract, letter of acceptance in university, etc.

How to Apply for an Estonia D Visa?

To apply for an Estonian visa, you must follow the following steps:

  1. Contact the nearest embassy or consulate of Estonia in your home country. Make sure you contact the embassy and book an appointment to submit your visa application. You may be asked to attend an interview when submitting the documents.  
  2. Fill out the application form. You must fill out the application form online, download it, print a hard copy of it, sign at the end, and submit it to the embassy or consulate with all the requested documents.
  3. Pay for the fee. You can pay the fee for your application form to the embassy or consulate when submitting the documents. You can make the payment in cash or with a Card. After making the payment, attach the application’s receipt to your other requested documents. 
  4. Gather and submit the requested documents. After gathering all the requested documents, submit them to Estonia’s nearest embassy/consulate in your home country.  
  5. Wait for a response. You shall receive a response from the embassy with your visa result within 15 to 30 days. The embassy can extend the processing time without notification; that depends on when you submit the documents, depending on your case, or other factors. 

Going From Long-Stay Visa to a Residence Permit in Estonia

If you want to stay in Estonia for longer than one year, you must apply for a residence permit. You must book an appointment at the Police and Border Guard Board (PBGB) in Estonia and gather and submit all the requested documents and the application form in person. 

The service halls of PBGB in Estonia are in Tammsaare (Tallinn), Pinna (Tallinn), Tartu, Pärnu, Narva, and Jõhvi.

What If My Visa Application Is Rejected?  

If your visa application for your long-stay D visa in Estonia is rejected, you can:

  • Re-apply. To reapply for the same visa first, you must check why your visa has been rejected. You can check if you have missed any of the required documents. After that, you can wait and fulfill all the requested requirements from the embassy and apply one more time for your visa. 
  • Appeal the decision.  If you think that the rejection of your visa was unfair, you can write an Appeal Letter to the embassy/consulate that has rejected your visa. The letter must include clear information on why your visa shouldn’t have been rejected. 

Note: The visa rejection notice should have more specific information on how you can appeal the decision.  

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