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Complete guide to obtianing citizenship in Estonia, the possible ways, the application steps, and required documents.

Estonia is a beautiful country that offers different opportunities for its citizens. If you have lived in the country for eight years, you already know the benefits of being an Estonian citizen. However, to apply for citizenship in Estonia, you must meet the following criteria and requirements.  

Benefits of Estonia Citizenship

Estonian citizenship offers you different benefits, such as:

  • You have the right to vote in Estonia.
  • You have the right to apply as a candidate for the elections in Estonia. 
  • You have the right to work anywhere in the EU.
  • You have the right to open a business anywhere in the EU. 
  • You have all the rights as other EU citizens as travelling without a resection. 
  • You are protected by the state of Estonia.
  • You are free to visit 183 different countries while being visa-free.
  • You can work, study and live in 28 other Schengen countries. 

How to Get Estonia Citizenship?

You can get Estonian citizenship in one of the following ways:

  • Estonian citizen by Naturalization.
  • Estonian citizenship by Descent.
  • Estonian citizenship by Marriage.

Estonia Citizenship by Naturalization 

After living for eight years in Estonia with a residence permit and having permanent residency for at least the last five years, you can apply for citizenship by naturalisation. To obtain Estonian citizenship by naturalisation, you must meet the following criteria: 

  • You must be over the age of 15. 
  • You must pass the Estonian language test or have a qualifying education in Estonia.
  • You must pass the exam related to Estonian history.  
  • You must prove that you can financially support yourself. 
  • You must register your place of living in the population register of Estonia.
  • You must be loyal to your country Estonia (your new home). 
  • You must prove that you are no longer a citizen of your old home country. 

Estonia Citizenship by Descent

If one of your parents is an Estonian citizen born in Estonia, you are a citizen of Estonia by descent, even if you were born outside Estonia. You also qualify for citizenship by descent in Estonia if you were born to Estonian parents who revoked your Estonian citizenship before you were 18, and now you, as an adult, want to reinstate it. 

Estonia Citizenship by Marriage

You can obtain citizenship by marriage if you are married to a citizen of Estonia or a holder of a permanent resident of Estonia. As the spouse of an Estonian citizen, you will receive a temporary residence permit for five years. After that, you can extend your residency for another three years and then apply for citizenship by naturalisation. 

Estonian Citizenship for Children 

You can grant an Estonian Citizenship even if you are minor if: 

  • Your legal guardian is a citizen of Estonia. 
  • Your parents gained Estonian citizenship after you were born.
  • You have a single parent who has acquired Estonian citizenship after being born and is willing to raise you alone. 
  • One of your parents has gained citizenship after you were born and with the other parent’s permission, who is not an Estonian citizen (the parent can provide the consistent at the Service Office at the PBGB).
  • Your parents or (one of your parents with the permission of the other parent or a parent who is willing to raise you alone) are applying for Estonian citizenship simultaneously.

To apply for Estonian citizenship for a minor, submit these documents: 

  • Application form.
  • One passport-sized photo.
  • Both parents’ identity documents. 
  • Letter of agreement of the other parent who is not an Estonian citizen. Both parents must sign the letter. 
  • Letter proving that you are bringing the child alone (if you are a single parent planning on bringing up the child alone in Estonia).
  • A document that proves that you are the legal guardian.
  • A certified document that certifies the rights of being the legal guardian.

How to Apply for Estonian Citizenship?

To apply for Estonian citizenship, you must follow these steps: 

  1. First, you must book an online appointment at the official website of the Estonian government. The appointment allows you to have a quicker application procedure. 
  2. Prepare the documents.
  3. Personally submit all the requested documents at Estonia’s Police Border Guard Border. They are responsible for processing your request for citizenship.
  4. Wait for a response. You shall receive a response to your citizenship application from the Police Border Guard Border within six months. 

Documents Required to Apply for Estonian Citizenship

To submit an application for citizenship in Estonia, you must collect the following documents:

  • Application form. You must fully and sincerely complete the application form in the Estonian language. After filling it out, make sure you sign it at the end. 
  • Fee payment. The payment for the visa application is €13. You can make the payment at the PBGB when submitting other requested documents.The fee payment for a re-application for lost citizenship in Estonia is  €13.
  • Valid passport. The passport must be valid with at least two blank pages. Make sure your passport is in good condition.
  • A certified document from your home country’s government proving that you are no longer a citizen of that country. 
  • Bank statement. You must take a bank account statement within the last six months from your bank. This document must prove that you have financial income from Estonia. 
  • One digital photo. Your photo must have been taken recently; it must be passport-size and on a blank background. 
  • Language test. Certificate document proof that you have passed the Estonian language test. 

Does Estonia Allow Dual Citizenship?

No, Estonia does not allow dual citizenship. So to apply for citizenship in Estonia, you have to give up citizenship in your home country.

This rule does not apply to one exceptional situation. For example, only if you are a minor where both parents share different citizenship, so between the age of 18-21, you must decide which citizenship of your parents you want to keep.   

Estonia Citizenship Test

Estonia citizenship test is electronically and is in the Estonian language. You can fill out the exam online at one of the examination centres in different cities of Estonia (Tallinn, Jõhvi, Narva, Tartu). The test includes 24 questions, and you have 45 minutes to answer all the questions. If you answer 18 of the questions correctly, you pass the exam. However, you need to give three parts of the exam, listening, hearing, and speaking.  

There are four levels of the Estonian language test A1, A2, B1, and B2. To become a citizen of Estonia, you must have at least the B1 level finished. 

The Estonian language test is needed to test the knowledge of the Estonian language and the knowledge of the Republic of Estonia.

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