To study, live, and work in the Czech Republic, you must apply for a Czech Republic long-stay (national) D visa.
National visas are issued for a maximum period of one year; once you enter the country, you can apply for a residence permit, which replaces your visa and allows you to live in the Czech Republic long-term.
Who Needs a Long-Stay D Visa for the Czech Republic?
Everyone who is not an EU/EEA or Swiss citizen needs a long-stay D visa if they plan to live in the Czech Republic for longer than 90 days. A Czech D visa is issued if you want to study, work, or join a family member in the Czech Republic.
The EU/EEA and Switzerland citizens do not need a visa to move to the Czech Republic.
How Is a Czech Republic D Visa Different From a Schengen Visa?
The difference between a Czech national (D) visa and a Czech Schengen visa is:
|Czech National (D) Visa||Czech Schengen Visa|
|Long-term (for stays of longer than 90 days)||Short-term (for trips shorter than 90 days)|
|Allows you to live, work and study in the Czech Republic.||Allows you to travel as a tourist/short-term visitor in the Czech Republic and Schengen Area.|
|Everyone who is not from the EU/EEA or Switzerland needs a national visa.||Certain nationalities are exempt from a Schengen visa (e.g., US, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, etc.)|
|With a national (D) visa, you can move to the Czech Republic and obtain a residence permit for work, studies, etc.||You cannot apply for a Czech residence permit (for work, studies, etc.) if you enter the Czech Republic with a Schengen visa.|
Types of Czech Republic Long-Stay Visas
Depending on the purpose of your stay, you have different types of long-term visas.
- Czechia Work Visa. If you want to work in the Czech Republic, you must apply for a work permit or a long-term visa to stay and work in the Czech Republic for over 90 days.
- Czechia Family Visa. This visa is issued if you have any family members staying in the Czech Republic and you want to join them. You must apply for a Czech Republic family visa at the nearest Embassy in your home country.
- Czechia Student Visa. If you decide to study longer than three months in the Czech Republic, you must apply for a residence permit. A residence permit will allow you to extend your time studying in the Czech Republic to 365 days. It is renewable for the entire duration of your study course.
- Czechia Digital Nomad Visa. This visa allows you to work in the Czech Republic independently as a freelancer. It is issued for six months to a year.
How to Apply for a Czech Republic D Visa?
Follow these steps when applying for the Czech Republic visa:
- Find the nearest Czech embassy or consulate.
- Make an appointment.
- Attach and submit all the required documents.
- Pay the fee.
- Wait for a response.
Find a Consulate
When applying for a visa, find the nearest consulate in your country to submit all the required documents for your visa application. You must apply for a long-stay visa at the Czech embassy or consulate, responsible for your jurisdiction.
Only citizens of the following countries can apply for a long-stay visa and residence permit in any country, regardless of local consular jurisdiction:
|Antigua And Barbuda||Israel||Salvador|
|Australia||South Korea||Northern Macedonia|
|Bosnia And Herzegovina||Macao||United States Of America|
|Brunei||Mauritius||Saint Kitts And Nevis|
|Hong Kong||New Zealand||Great Britain|
Make an Appointment
You must make an appointment when applying for a Czech long-term visa; you must submit your documents in person. You may be asked to be interviewed and submit fingerprints.
Children younger than 12 years do not need to visit the consulate and do not need to submit fingerprints. Children between the ages of 12-15 years need to visit the consulate with their parents or legal guardians.
Attach and Submit All the Required Documents
On the date of your visa appointment, submit all the required documents for a Czech visa: passport, visa photos, health insurance documents, application form, documents of your accommodation when staying in the Czech Republic, etc.
Pay the Visa Fee
When you submit your visa application, you must also pay a visa fee. The Czech Republic visa fees depend on the type of visa you are applying for. You can pay the fee on the day you submit your application; if the embassy/consulate requires it, you may have to pay the fee beforehand and simply attach the receipt to the rest of your documents.
Wait for a Response
After you apply for a Czech long-term visa, it can take 90 days to receive an outcome; depending on the case, the process can sometimes take up to 180 days. You will receive the decision from the embassy or consulate by email or SMS.
Czech Republic Long-Stay (National) Visa Requirements
When you apply for a Czech Republic (long-stay) national visa, you must submit these documents:
- Your passport. A passport must be valid for at least three months and must have two blank pages.
- Your passport photos. With your application, you must submit two passport photos of 35x45mm. For more specific details, see the Schengen Visa photo guidelines.
- Your application. You must fill out your application with all the required and accurate information.
- Health insurance. Provide proof that you have Schengen travel health insurance coverage in the Czech Republic for at least €30,000. For certain visas, you may be asked to provide a health insurance policy covering at least €60,000.
- Proof of accommodation. Documents proof that you have a place to stay in the Czech Republic. It can be a rental agreement or a letter of invitation from a friend or family member.
- Your financial status. Proof that you are financially stable and can afford your stay in the Czech Republic for as long as you plan to stay there.
- Your document of the application fee. Documents prove the payment fee you have paid for the application form, like the payment recipe.
If you will study in the Czech Republic, submit these documents:
- A letter from your university. A letter from your university that proves that you are accepted to study in one of their courses.
- Letter explaining the purpose of your stay.
- A letter explaining why you are staying and why you have decided to study in the Czech Republic.
If you will work in the Czech Republic, submit these documents:
- Academic qualifications. Copies of all of your academic qualifications, for example, degrees, certifications, training, etc.
- Professional qualifications. A copy of your CV detailing your personal and professional qualifications.
- Reference letter from the employer. A letter from your employer explaining your job in their company.
- Work experience. Proof of previous work experience related to the position you will be engaged in in the Czech Republic.
If you will join a family member (family reunification) in the Czech Republic, submit these documents:
- Marriage Certificate. If you are married, submit a copy of your marriage license.
- Proof of your relationship. If you are in a committed relationship but not married, you can submit rental agreements, certificates of registration, and any similar documents that attest to your relationship.
- Joint bank statements. Provide proof that you share assets or a bank account.
- Custody records. If you have a child together, provide proof of your custody agreement.
What If My Visa Application Is Rejected?
If your application for a visa in the Czech Republic is rejected, you have two options:
- Re-apply. You must check all the required documents one more time in detail and see if you have missed anything. After you are sure that you have completed all the required documents and filled them with all the required information, you can re-apply one more time for your visa.
- Appeal the rejection. You must submit the appeal letter to the Embassy. The rejection notice should have the necessary information on how you can appeal a visa decision. After you complete the appeal letter, you may be asked to pay a fee that will not be refunded.
Going From Long-Stay Visa to a Residence Permit in the Czech Republic
If you are a citizen coming to the Czech Republic from a foreign country, you must register your address at the Alien Policy Inspectorate within three days. You must do this to get a Czech residence permit and legalize your stay in the Czech Republic.
EU family members can register their staying place within a time frame of 30 days.
Difference Between a Czech Long-Stay Visa and Residence Permit
The difference between a Czech long-stay visa and a residence permit is:
- The long-stay visa is issued for multiple entries and a maximum of one year. The long-stay visa is issued for health, sport, study, scientific research, culture, family, entrepreneurship, etc.
- The residence permit is issued for more than one year. The residence permit is issued for employment (blue or employment card), study, scientific research, and family unification.
In short, you enter the Czech Republic with a long-stay visa, and then you must apply for a residence permit (if you intend to stay longer than one year).