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Complete guide to becoming a citizen of the Czech Republic, the criteria, and FAQs

If you have lived in the Czech Republic for at least five years on a residence permit, you are eligible to apply for Czech citizenship. You may also be entitled to Czech citizenship if your parents or grandparents were Czech citizens. 

How to Get Czech Republic Citizenship?

There are different ways to take citizenship of the Czech Republic. 

  • Descent.
  • Naturalization.
  • Declaration.

Czech Republic Citizenship by Descent

You can get citizenship in the Czech Republic from your parents and grandparents.

Czech Republic Citizenship From Your Parents

It does not matter where you were born. As long as one of your parents is from Czechia, you can become a citizen of the Czech Republic. If your parents are unmarried and your father is from Czechia, you must provide documents proof of paternity. 

Czech Republic Citizenship From Your Grandparents

You can get citizenship in the Czech Republic if both of your grandparents, from your mother’s or your father’s side, are citizens of the Czech Republic. 

Note: If you want to apply for citizenship by descent, you must apply and complete an application for a certificate of the Czech Republic and submitted to the Ministry of Interior (MOI).

Czech Republic Citizenship by Naturalization

You are qualified to apply for citizenship by naturalization if:

  • You have lived in the Czech Republic with a permanent residence permit for the past five years.
  • You have lived in the Czech Republic for at least three years, and you are a citizen from another country of the EU.
  • You are under age 15, and your parents apply for you. 

If you want to apply for Czech Republic citizenship from naturalization, you must fulfill these requirements: 

  • Proof that you can fluently speak the Czech language.
  • Clean criminal record.
  • Have basic knowledge about the system of the Czech Republic.
  • You must understand the Czech culture, society, history, and geography.
  • Proof that you can finance yourself and pay taxes in the Czech Republic.
  • Proof that you have ties to the Czech Republic, such as a family member, friend, or a job.
  • Show proof that you will not be a threat to the Czech Republic state.

Czech Republic Citizenship by Declaration

You are allowed to apply for citizenship of the Czech Republic by declaration if you are:

  • A citizen who has lost the citizenship of the Czech Republic before January 1, 2014.
  • If your parents or grandparents were citizens of the Czech Republic or Czechoslovakia before December 31, 2013.

When applying for citizenship by declaration, you must provide documents proving that you are related to your family members mentioned above, your relatives were citizens of the Czech Republic and documents of why they lost citizenship of the Czech Republic.

The Czech Citizenship Application

Depending on where you are living at the time of application, you have to apply for Czech citizenship at one of the following:

  • If you are in Prague, submit your application to the Municipal Authority. 
  • If you are elsewhere in the Czech Republic, submit your application to a regional authority office (krajský úřad). 
  • If you are abroad, submit your application to the Czech embassy or consulate responsible for your jurisdiction.

The Czech Ministry of Interior (MOI) reviews your application for Czech citizenship, so the local authorities that accept your application will forward it to the MOI within 30 days.

You must submit all the other required documents and fill out the application form in the regional/municipal authority or embassy on the day of your appointment. 

After receiving the citizenship certificate, you can apply for a Czech Republic passport. 

The validity of the Czech passport is:

  • 10 Years for adults.
  • 5 Years for children under the age of 15.

You must apply for a passport at the Ministry of Interior (MOI). If you apply for a passport outside the Czech Republic, the processing time is 120 days, but if you apply in the Czech Republic, the processing time will take 30 days.

Administration Fee for the Czech Nationality

When applying for citizenship for the Czech Republic, you must pay for the administration fee:

  • For adults Kč 2000 approx. €78.
  • For minor children Kč 500 approx. €19.
  • For asylum seeker Kč 500 approx. €19.

Required Documents for Czech Citizenship

The documents you must submit when applying for Czech citizenship by naturalization are: 

  • Application form. You can obtain this at the regional office or embassy on the day of your appointment.
  • Residence permit, proving that you have lived in the Czech Republic for at least five years.
  • Proof that you have lived in the Czech Republic, such as be a rental agreement, job contract, etc.
  • Clear criminal record.
  • Proof of Czech language knowledge. 
  • Proof that you are financially stable and can pay taxes for the Czech Republic.
  • A birth certificate from the foreign country that you live translated into the Czech language.

If you are applying for Czech citizenship by descent, submit the following documents:

  • Your parents’ previous passports, old citizenship certificate, domiciliary certificate, etc.
  • Your birth certificate;
  • Your parents’ or grandparents’ birth certificates.
  • Your marriage certificate (if applicable).
  • Your parents’ or grandparents’ marriage certificate (if applicable).
  • Proof of change of name (if applicable).
  • Any other document proving you are entitled to Czech citizenship by descent.

If you are applying for Czech citizenship by declaration, you must submit the following documents: :

  • Completed declaration forms can be obtained from the regional authorities in the Czech Republic or a Czech embassy abroad.
  • Your original birth certificate.
  • Your original civil status certificate, such as a marriage certificate, civil marriage certificate, etc.
  • Your Czech parents’ original birth certificates, marriage or divorce decree, or death certificates (as applicable).
  • Your Czech grandparents’ original birth certificates, marriage or divorce decree, or death certificates (as applicable).
  • A document proves when your descendants (parents or grandparents) stopped being Czech or Czechoslovak citizens. This can be an original certificate of naturalization, a broad, and original Czechoslovak “Certificate of Release from the State Union.”
  • An original valid ID.

Note: All the required documents must be translated into the Czech language and duly authenticated. 

Does the Czech Republic Allow Dual Citizenship?

Yes, dual citizenship is allowed by the Czech Republic. This law means that you can keep the passport of your origin country (provided that country also allows it).  The benefits of having dual citizenship are:

  • You can travel between two countries.
  • You can work freely in both countries.
  • You can live, own property, business in both countries.

The problem of having dual citizenship can be that you have to pay two different taxes to each country, and you will need to respect the law in the two countries. 

Benefits of Czech Republic Citizenship

Being a citizen of the Czech Republic allows you to:

  • Live, work, study in 28 different countries that are members of the EU.
  • Travel around 183 different countries while being visa-free.
  • Live a peaceful life with beautiful architecture, unique views, employment opportunities, stable economy.

The Czech Republic Citizenship Test

The exam test is required for every participant who wants to apply for Czech Republic citizenship. You must have a B1 language level under the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR).

The exam includes:

  • Written part. Includes writing skills, reading, and listening comprehension. 
  • Speaking part. Includes speaking abilities. 

If you want to apply online for the Czech language, you must apply here. But, if you want to apply in person, make sure you visit the test center where the test will be held. You must register for the test at least 14 days before the exam date.

To pass the exam, you must be able to pass 60% on each part of the exam. If the candidate does not pass one part of the exam, they must repeat the whole exam from the beginning.  

If you pass the exam, you will receive the certificate within seven weeks with the post. 

The payment for the Czech exam is CZK 3 700 (approx. €146.) You must make the payment for the application form for a maximum of 7 days after submitting the application form for the exam. 

Who is Exempted From the Language Test of the Czech Republic?

You don’t need to finish the language test of the Czech Republic if you are:

  • An applicant who has finished two or three years of school in the Czech language.
  • An applicant that is younger than 15 years or older than 65 years.
  • An applicant with any health difficulty that prevents them from learning the Czech language.
  • An applicant who has studied in the Czech language.
  • An applicant who has had a state exam in the Czech language.

Note: If you are an applicant exempted from the Czech language exam, you must provide documents proving precisely why you did not finish the language exam. 

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